By David H. Urmann
Candle wax has different types. There are cheap waxes that are made into candles and there are costly waxes that are also made into candles with slower melting rate.
There are different waxes used in candles. Some of these waxes have other uses. Listed below are the different types of waxes that are also commonly used in candle making.
Types candle wax
• Paraffin Wax:
A wax made of paraffin is a chemical preservative that is used commonly on fruits, vegetables, and candy. This is in order to create a shiny appearance, delay the moisture loss, and spoilage. Chocolate candy makers frequently use paraffin wax also. In fact, Paraffin wax is also regarded as the “baker’s wax or canning wax”.
A paraffin wax is flammable so make sure you do not overheat it. Just heat it gently on a double boiler or you can use a microwave and heat it simply up to the point where in the wax had dissolved. Paraffin wax is a white odorless, tasteless, waxy, solid component. Its usual melting point is around 48 to 65 degrees. When heated, the chemical composition of paraffin wax, especially the so-called chemical re-agents, remain unchanged but they readily burn.
Pure paraffin wax is a tremendous electrical insulator and has an electrical resistibility for about 50 to 100 degrees of temperature. A pure paraffin wax is not often utilized in order to create an original statute model or for casting metal.
• Paraffin or Mineral Oil
Liquid paraffin waxes are also known as mineral oil. This form of paraffin wax is a combination of heavier alkaline and has an amount of terms featured as nojul, alboline, adepsine oil, glymbol, saxol, and medical paraffin or USP mineral oil.
This type of wax has a thickness of around 0.8g/cm. This liquid paraffin is utilized in order to help the bowel movement of persons suffering from chronic constipation. In mechanical integration and baking, mineral oil must be applied in order to make sure that the loaves of bread, or whatsoever, are simply out when cooked. Mineral oils can be used for coating fruits as well.
• Soy wax
The Soy wax was discovered during the late period of the 19th century. It was when Michael Richards looked to find a cheaper alternative for beeswax. Therefore, Michael Richards discovered and developed the soy wax.
The beeswax products, as he understands, have an increasing demand for a natural wax candle. Michael Richards has tested dissimilar normal plant waxes and finally finished up with a vegetable and fruit wax, which was created with parts from hydrogenated mineral oil, cooking oil, palm oil and the combination of beeswax, and soy wax. The result was the creation of a cheap normal wax candle.
In late 1996, Michael Richard’s succeeded in changing the costly beeswax with palm and soy wax. The candle wax is mostly composed of hydrogenated mineral oil. Michael Richards also tested several combinations of soy wax for bottle candles and free position candles, which required a higher hot point.
• Bees Wax
Beeswax is a natural wax that was created in the beehive of the genus. Beeswax is created by young little worker bees for around 15 up to 20 days. This is in order to form the scales buried by glands. The worker bees have a somewhat protector gear on their bodies.
Worker bees have eight wax-producing mirror glands on their inner sides. The beeswax is almost white in color but sometimes it can possess the color blue or color green by incorporation of pollen oils. The beeswax scale is around 3 mm diagonally and 0.4 mm wide. Aside from this, around 1300 is required to create a honeycomb.
• Palm Wax
Palm wax is made from pure natural palm oil based on raw materials. The palm wax is unlike other waxes since they form crystal-like substances on the outer side of the candle. Palm wax burns at a much cooler and slower rate than several waxes.
Candle waxes such as palm wax is biodegradable and water-soluble. Palm wax candles have approximately 45 percent longer burn time as compared to the usual sized paraffin wax candle. The palm wax candle also releases the scent throughout the entire candle. The scent of a palm wax candle does not fade away like other candles. The palm wax has a higher yield and it is tougher than other oil seed crops. No fertilizers or chemical treatments are required for its cultivation. Palm wax is a unique crystalline figure.
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